• Top 1% of Defence Law Firms

  • Defended over 50,000 Cases

  • 5 star google reviews

  • 40 Years of Criminal Law Expertise

Sexual Offences Articles

What happens for a first offence of Sexual Assault?

False Rape Charges | Rape Lawyers - Stuart Miller Solicitors.

Sexual assault is an extremely serious criminal offence. Its ramifications run deep, not only due to the severe harm it causes to victims but also because of the broader societal implications it carries. If you or someone you know is confronting charges related to this crime, the gravity of the situation cannot be overstated. In this blog post, we outline the crime of sexual assault as defined by English criminal law, with a particular emphasis on first-time offenders or individuals facing such charges for the first time. We provide examples to illustrate how this offence unfolds in practice and address the most common concerns of those encountering these allegations for the first time.

What is the offence of sexual assault?

In English law, sexual assault is a criminal offence defined under Section 3 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. To secure a conviction for sexual assault, the prosecution must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

  • Intentional touching – the defendant intentionally touches another person.
  • Without consent – the touching must be without the consent of the person being touched.
  • Sexual nature – the touching must be of a sexual nature or intended to cause sexual gratification.
  • Lack of reasonable belief in consent – the defendant did not reasonably believe that the person being touched was consenting to the sexual activity.

Consent is a key factor in sexual assault cases. Lack of consent on the part of the victim is a crucial element that the prosecution must establish. Consent should be given freely and voluntarily by a person who has the capacity to give it. It is not valid if obtained through force, threats, deception, or if the person is unable to give consent due to factors such as age, incapacity, or being under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Furthermore, the definition of sexual assault can encompass a wide range of acts, from unwanted touching to more serious forms of sexual misconduct.

If the prosecution can prove all of these elements beyond a reasonable doubt, the defendant may be convicted of sexual assault and imprisoned, even as a first-time offender.

What are some examples of sexual assault?

Examples of this offence include:

  • Any non-consensual touching of a person’s intimate areas, such as genitals, breasts, or buttocks, with the intent to sexually gratify oneself or another person.
  • Non-consensual sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal, or oral penetration, without the victim’s consent
  • Grabbing or fondling another person’s intimate areas without their consent.
  • Forcing or pressuring someone into a kiss against their will.
  • Persistent and unwelcome sexual advances, comments, or requests for sexual favours, which create a hostile or intimidating environment
  • Exploiting a person sexually, such as taking explicit photos or videos of them without consent or sharing such materials without their permission.
  • Engaging in sexual acts with someone who is unable to provide clear and voluntary consent due to intoxication or impairment from drugs or alcohol.
  • Any non-consensual sexual activity within an intimate relationship, including marriage, where consent is not given freely.

What happens if you are suspected of sexual assault in the UK?

If you are suspected of sexual assault in the UK, several legal and investigative procedures may be initiated. Here is an overview of what typically happens:

  • Initial Investigation – when a report of sexual assault is made, the police will conduct an initial investigation. This may involve gathering evidence, interviewing witnesses, and collecting any available physical or forensic evidence.
  • Arrest and detention – if the police have sufficient evidence or reasonable grounds to suspect your involvement in the alleged sexual assault, they may arrest you. You will be taken into custody and informed of your rights, including the right to remain silent and the right to legal representation.
  • Interview – you may be interviewed by the police about the allegations. It is your right to have a solicitor present during this interview. You can choose to answer questions or remain silent.
  • Bail, Release, or Detention – after the interview, the police may decide whether to release you on bail, release you pending further investigation, or to keep you in custody. Bail conditions may be imposed to protect the alleged victim or ensure your appearance in court.
  • Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) decision – once the investigation is complete, the evidence is submitted to the CPS, which will decide whether to bring charges against you based on the available evidence and the public interest.
  • Charging – if the CPS decides to proceed, you will be formally charged with the offence, and court proceedings will commence. You will be informed of the charges and the date of your first court appearance.
  • Court proceedings – the case will proceed through the court system, which may involve pre-trial hearings, disclosure of evidence, and ultimately a trial where the prosecution will present its case, and your defence will present your case.
  • Verdict – if the case goes to trial, the court will reach a verdict. If you are found guilty, sentencing will follow. If you are found not guilty, you will be acquitted.

Given the severity of sexual assault cases, you should always consult with a legal professional to ensure your rights are protected and to understand the specific details of your case.

What is the sentence for sexual assault?

The sentence for sexual assault in England and Wales varies based on the severity of the offence and the specific circumstances of the case. In less severe cases, tried in Magistrates’ Court, the maximum penalty is up to 6 months’ imprisonment and/or a fine. More serious cases, tried in Crown Court, can result in custodial sentences ranging from a couple of years to a maximum of 10 years’ custody.

Factors such as violence, the presence of weapons, and the impact on the victim will affect sentencing. Convicted individuals also often have to register as sex offenders. Sentencing guidelines may change, so it’s important to consult with legal professionals for the latest information.

The Sentencing Council has detailed guidelines on the offence, which can be helpful in understanding what factors judges are taking into account when sentencing.

Are there any defences to sexual assault?

Potential defences include:

  • Consent – if the accused can demonstrate that the sexual activity was consensual and that they reasonably believed the other person had freely given consent, this can be a valid defence.
  • Mistaken identity – in some cases, the defence may argue that the accused was not the person who committed the sexual assault, and there was a case of mistaken identity.
  • Alibi – the accused may present evidence showing that they were in a different location or with other people at the time of the alleged sexual assault, establishing an alibi.
  • Character evidence – in some cases, the defence may introduce evidence about the defendant’s character, such as a history of good character or lack of previous convictions, to challenge the prosecution’s case.
  • Intoxication – in some cases, if the defendant was intoxicated to the point of being unable to form the necessary intent for the sexual assault, this may be raised as a defence. The intoxication, however, must have been involuntary (e.g. the alleged offender had their drink spiked and was completely unaware of their actions).

As with any crime, the availability of any of these defences depends on the facts of the case, and they may not apply in all situations. To determine the most appropriate defence strategy, consult an experienced sexual offences solicitor who can assess your case and guide you through how to form a solid defence.

Will I go to prison if it is my first time committing sexual assault?

Whether you go to prison for committing sexual assault in the UK depends on various factors including the seriousness of the offence, the legal process, and victim impact statements.

The eventual sentence handed down by the court is guided by a range of factors that either aggravate or mitigate the seriousness of the offence. If a person accused of a crime has no prior criminal record and is facing charges for the first time, it can have a positive influence on the sentencing decision made by the court. That said, if aggravating factors are present, such as the use of violence or threats, causing physical or psychological harm to the victim, abusing a position of trust or authority, or a prior history of criminal behaviour, then even those facing prosecution for this offence for the first-time may still be imprisoned.

Where to get further help

Sexual assault is a very serious offence with considerable knock-on effects for an offender’s personal and professional life. Having reliable, reputable, and expert legal representation on your side, however, can reduce these impacts and secure your best chance at an acquittal or a lesser sentence. Get in touch with the team at Stuart Miller Solicitors today for a free, friendly, and non-judgemental conversion about your options.


  • Responsive

    A legal expert will consult you within 24 hours of making an enquiry.

  • Empathetic

    We will always treat you with trust, understanding and respect.

  • Specialised

    Your case will be handled by an expert who specialises in your type of offence.

  • Proactive

    We will take early action to end proceedings as soon as it is practically and legally possible to do so.

  • Engaged

    You will be kept updated on your case at all times. We will provide a named contact available to answer your questions.

  • Caring

    We understand this is a difficult and stressful time for you and your family. Our team will support you every step of the way.

  • Tenacious

    We will never give up on your case. We fight tirelessly to get you the best possible outcome.

Google Rating
Based on 339 reviews

Further Reading


Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.