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What is the maximum sentence for fraudulent trading?

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Are you facing a charge related to fraudulent trading and wondering about the potential maximum sentence for this offence? If so, know that potential sentences are one of the most common inquiries clients raise with their solicitors. While the sentence for fraudulent trading can be severe, there are strategies that a solicitor can employ to potentially mitigate the duration of any custodial sentence, should you ultimately be convicted. In this article, we will provide a brief overview of the offence of fraudulent trading, discuss the maximum sentence applicable, highlight key points from sentencing guidelines, explore how a solicitor can assist in reducing the sentence, and offer guidance on where to seek further assistance.

What is the offence of fraudulent trading?

In England, the offence of fraudulent trading is governed primarily by the Companies Act 2006, specifically Sections 993 to 999.

The offence of fraudulent trading involves conducting business with intent to defraud creditors or for any fraudulent purpose. The key elements of the offence typically include:

  • Conducting Business: The individual or individuals must be engaged in the business affairs of a company.
  • Intent to Defraud: There must be an intention to defraud creditors or act with a fraudulent purpose.
  • Knowledge: The accused must be aware of the intent to defraud or the fraudulent purpose.
  • Concealment or Misrepresentation: Actions such as concealing assets or providing false information may be involved.

What are examples of fraudulent trading?

Examples of fraudulent trading include:

  • Inflating Company Assets: Deliberately misrepresenting the value of assets to make the company appear financially stronger than it is.
  • Concealing Liabilities: Hiding debts or liabilities from creditors to avoid repayment obligations.
  • Diverting Company Funds: Diverting company funds for personal use or to benefit other companies under the control of the accused.
  • False Representation: Providing false financial statements or misleading information to investors, creditors, or regulatory authorities.
  • Phantom Sales: Recording fictitious sales transactions in the company’s accounts to artificially inflate revenue figures.
  • Asset Stripping: Transferring valuable company assets to another entity controlled by the accused for less than their true value, thereby depleting the company’s assets.
  • Circular Trading: Creating the illusion of legitimate business activity by engaging in circular trading, where goods or services are traded among associated companies without any real economic substance.
  • False Billing: Creating fake invoices or billing documents for goods or services that were never provided, with the aim of extracting money from the company.

These examples illustrate various ways in which individuals may engage in fraudulent trading, ultimately to the detriment of creditors and stakeholders.

What is the maximum sentence for fraudulent trading in England and Wales?

The maximum sentence for fraudulent trading in England and Wales can vary depending on the severity of the offence and other factors considered by the court. The maximum sentence for fraudulent trading is 10 years in prison.

According to the Sentencing Council guidelines, which provide a framework for judges and magistrates in determining appropriate sentences for various offences, including fraudulent trading, the seriousness of the offence is assessed based on factors such as the extent of the fraud, the harm caused to creditors, and the level of culpability of the defendant.

In cases of fraudulent trading, where the offence is deemed particularly serious, the court may impose a custodial sentence. The length of the sentence will depend on the specific circumstances of the case and any aggravating or mitigating factors present.

Note that sentencing guidelines are just that – guidelines. Judges and magistrates have discretion in sentencing and will consider all relevant factors before reaching a decision. Therefore, while there is a maximum sentence prescribed by law, actual sentences handed down by the courts may vary based on the individual circumstances of each case.

What factors influence sentencing for fraudulent trading?

When sentencing for fraudulent trading, judges consider a range of factors to determine an appropriate penalty. These factors are outlined in the Sentencing Council guidance and include:

  • Culpability of the Offender: This refers to the degree of blameworthiness or culpability of the individual(s) involved in the fraudulent trading. Factors such as the level of planning, sophistication, and intentionality of the fraudulent conduct are taken into account. High culpability may lead to a more severe sentence.
  • Harm Caused or Risked: Judges assess the extent of harm caused to creditors or other stakeholders as a result of the fraudulent trading. This includes financial losses suffered by victims and the potential impact on the company’s viability, employees, and creditors. Greater harm or risk of harm generally leads to a more severe sentence.
  • Benefit or Gain Obtained: The financial benefit or gain obtained by the offender(s) through the fraudulent trading is considered. This includes any personal enrichment or advantage gained at the expense of others. Higher financial gains may result in a more severe sentence.
  • Role Played by the Offender: The specific role played by the offender within the fraudulent trading scheme is taken into account. This includes whether the individual was a leading figure orchestrating the fraud, a willing participant, or acted under duress or coercion. Leadership roles or significant involvement may lead to harsher penalties.
  • Degree of Cooperation with Authorities: Judges consider the level of cooperation exhibited by the offender during the investigation and legal proceedings. This includes factors such as voluntary disclosure of information, assistance in recovering assets, and acceptance of responsibility. Genuine cooperation may mitigate the sentence.
  • Previous Convictions or Offences: The offender’s criminal history, including any previous convictions or offences related to dishonesty or financial misconduct, is considered. Repeat offenders or those with a history of similar conduct may receive a more severe sentence.
  • Impact on Victims and Community: Judges take into account the impact of the fraudulent trading on victims, creditors, employees, and the wider community. This includes the emotional, financial, and reputational harm suffered by those affected. Consideration of the wider impact may influence the severity of the sentence.

Weighing these factors, judges aim to impose sentences that reflect the gravity of the offence, deterrence of future misconduct, rehabilitation of offenders, and the interests of justice.

How can a solicitor help with reducing the sentence for fraudulent trading?

Engaging a solicitor for assistance with reducing the sentence for fraudulent trading can be pivotal in navigating the complexities of the legal process and securing the most favourable outcome. Here’s why seeking legal representation is crucial and what to consider when selecting a solicitor:

  • Legal Expertise and Experience: Solicitors specialising in fraud and financial crimes possess the necessary legal expertise and experience to effectively advocate on behalf of their clients. They are familiar with the nuances of fraudulent trading cases, relevant statutes, case law, and sentencing guidelines. Their expertise allows them to identify potential mitigating factors, legal defences, and strategies to minimise the sentence.
  • Case Assessment and Strategy Development: A skilled solicitor will conduct a comprehensive review of the case, analysing the evidence, circumstances, and factors influencing sentencing. Based on this assessment, they will devise a strategic approach tailored to the client’s specific situation. This may involve challenging the prosecution’s evidence, negotiating plea bargains, or presenting mitigating factors to the court.
  • Mitigation Presentation: Solicitors play a crucial role in presenting mitigating factors to the court effectively. They can articulate the client’s personal circumstances, remorse, cooperation with authorities, and steps taken towards rehabilitation. Skilful presentation of mitigation can significantly influence the court’s decision and result in a more lenient sentence.
  • Legal Representation and Advocacy: During court proceedings, solicitors provide strong legal representation and advocacy on behalf of their clients. They ensure that the client’s rights are protected, challenge adverse evidence, and make compelling arguments in favour of a reduced sentence. Their courtroom experience and advocacy skills are instrumental in achieving the best possible outcome.

When choosing a solicitor to assist with reducing the sentence for fraudulent trading, individuals should consider the following factors:

  • Specialisation and Experience: Look for solicitors with a proven track record in handling fraud cases, particularly those involving fraudulent trading. Experience in similar cases equips solicitors with the insights and strategies necessary to navigate the complexities of fraudulent trading proceedings effectively.
  • Reputation and Reviews: Research the solicitor’s reputation within the legal community and among past clients. Positive reviews, testimonials, and endorsements can provide reassurance about the solicitor’s competence, professionalism, and dedication to client advocacy.
  • Communication and Rapport: Choose a solicitor with whom you feel comfortable communicating openly and honestly. Effective communication and rapport are essential for building trust, facilitating collaboration, and ensuring that your concerns and priorities are addressed throughout the legal process.

Where to get more help

Worries regarding the potential sentence for fraudulent trading can be overwhelming, leaving you with lots of questions. If you are seeking further assistance and guidance on sentencing or any other matters pertaining to the offence of fraudulent trading, contact the team at Stuart Miller Solicitors today. Our approachable and understanding staff are ready to assist with your case, regardless of your situation.


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