• Top 1% of Defence Law Firms

  • Defended over 50,000 Cases

  • 5 star google reviews

  • 40 Years of Criminal Law Expertise

Criminal Defence Articles


fraud case examples

Are you facing a charge related to conspiracy to defraud and wondering about the potential maximum sentence for this offence? If so, you are not alone. Concern about potential sentences is one of the most common inquiries clients bring to their solicitors. While the sentence for conspiracy to defraud can be substantial, there are avenues that a solicitor can pursue to potentially mitigate the time spent incarcerated, if indeed a custodial sentence is imposed. In this article, we will briefly outline the offence of conspiracy to defraud, discuss the maximum sentence applicable, highlight key considerations from the sentencing guidelines, explore how a solicitor can assist in reducing the sentence, and provide resources for further assistance.


What is the offence of conspiracy to defraud?


In England, the offence of conspiracy to defraud is governed primarily by common law, with additional provisions found in the Fraud Act 2006. The offence involves an agreement between two or more persons to defraud another party, typically involving dishonesty with intent to deceive for financial gain.


The elements of the offence of conspiracy to defraud include:


  • Agreement: There must be an agreement between two or more persons to act together in carrying out the fraudulent scheme.
  • Intent: The parties involved must have the intention to defraud another party, typically involving dishonesty and deception.
  • Act or Omission: There must be an act or omission in furtherance of the fraudulent scheme, such as making false representations, concealing information, or engaging in other deceptive conduct.
  • Financial Gain or Loss: The fraudulent scheme must be aimed at obtaining financial gain for the conspirators or causing financial loss to the victim.


Examples of conspiracy to defraud may include:


  • Two individuals agreeing to manipulate financial records to fraudulently obtain loans from a bank.
  • A group of people conspiring to deceive investors by misrepresenting the financial health of a company in order to inflate its stock price.
  • Colluding to deceive customers by selling counterfeit goods under false pretences.
  • A scheme involving multiple parties working together to cheat an insurance company by submitting false claims.


These examples illustrate the variety of fraudulent activities that can constitute the offence of conspiracy to defraud under English law.


What is the maximum sentence for conspiracy to defraud?


In England and Wales, the maximum sentence for conspiracy to defraud varies depending on the severity of the offence and other mitigating or aggravating factors present in the case. As per the Fraud Act 2006, individuals convicted of conspiracy to defraud may face a maximum sentence of imprisonment for up to 10 years.


The Sentencing Council provides guidelines to assist courts in determining appropriate sentences for offences, including conspiracy to defraud. However, specific sentencing outcomes depend on the circumstances of each case, including the extent of the conspiracy, the amount of financial harm caused, the level of planning and sophistication involved, and the defendant’s level of culpability.


While the maximum sentence is set at 10 years’ imprisonment, the actual sentence imposed will be determined by the judge based on the individual facts of the case and the sentencing guidelines. In cases involving complex fraud schemes or significant financial losses, sentences at or near the maximum may be appropriate. Conversely, sentences may be lower for less serious offences or where mitigating factors are present.


When considering sentencing for conspiracy to defraud in England and Wales, courts will weigh the severity of the offence alongside other relevant factors to arrive at a fair and proportionate sentence in accordance with the law and sentencing guidelines.


What factors influence sentencing for conspiracy to defraud?


When sentencing for conspiracy to defraud in England and Wales, judges consider various factors to ensure a fair and proportionate outcome. These factors include both aggravating and mitigating circumstances, as well as guidance provided by the Sentencing Council. The main considerations influencing sentencing for conspiracy to defraud include:


  • Extent of the Conspiracy: The scale and complexity of the conspiracy play a crucial role in determining sentencing. Larger, more elaborate schemes involving multiple participants and substantial financial losses may attract harsher sentences.
  • Financial Harm: The extent of financial loss caused by the conspiracy is a significant factor. Courts will consider the amount of money or assets obtained through fraudulent means and the impact on victims, businesses, or the wider economy.
  • Level of Planning and Organisation: The degree of planning, sophistication, and organisation involved in executing the conspiracy is taken into account. More carefully orchestrated schemes with detailed planning may result in higher sentences.
  • Duration and Persistence: The duration of the conspiracy and the level of persistence in carrying out fraudulent activities are considered. Prolonged or repeated fraudulent conduct may lead to increased culpability and a more severe sentence.
  • Role and Position of the Offender: The role and level of responsibility of each individual within the conspiracy are examined. Leaders, organisers, or those in positions of trust or authority may receive harsher sentences compared to minor participants or those acting under duress.
  • Impact on Victims and Community: The impact of the conspiracy on victims, businesses, and the wider community is taken into account. Sentencing aims to reflect the harm caused, including financial losses, emotional distress, and damage to trust and confidence.
  • Previous Convictions: The offender’s criminal history, including any previous convictions for similar offences or other relevant criminal conduct, is considered. Previous offending behaviour may aggravate the sentence.
  • Cooperation with Authorities: Cooperation with the police and other law enforcement authorities, such as providing information or assisting in the investigation or prosecution of other conspirators, may be viewed positively and result in a reduced sentence.
  • Remorse and Mitigation: Genuine remorse, acceptance of responsibility, and efforts to make amends or mitigate the harm caused may be taken into consideration as mitigating factors.
  • Personal Circumstances: The offender’s personal circumstances, such as age, mental health, dependence on others, or any other relevant factors affecting culpability or the likelihood of rehabilitation, are considered.


These factors are not exhaustive, and the sentencing judge retains discretion to consider any other relevant circumstances specific to the case. The aim of sentencing is to achieve justice by imposing a fair and proportionate punishment that reflects the seriousness of the offence and the individual circumstances of the offender.


How can a solicitor help with reducing the sentence for conspiracy to defraud?


Engaging a solicitor for assistance with reducing the sentence for conspiracy to defraud can be instrumental in navigating the complexities of the legal process and advocating for the best possible outcome. Solicitors bring expertise in criminal law and procedure, as well as experience in representing clients facing similar charges. Here’s how a solicitor can help, why you should consider getting one, what to look for in a solicitor, and what to expect during your initial meeting:


How can a solicitor help?


  • Legal Expertise: Solicitors possess in-depth knowledge of criminal law, including sentencing principles and mitigation strategies specific to conspiracy to defraud. They can provide invaluable guidance on the legal aspects of your case.
  • Case Assessment: A solicitor will assess the strengths and weaknesses of your case, identifying potential defences and mitigating factors that could reduce your sentence or lead to a favourable outcome.
  • Negotiation and Representation: Solicitors negotiate with prosecutors on your behalf to secure the most favourable plea bargain or sentencing recommendation. They also provide skilled representation in court, advocating for leniency and presenting compelling arguments for mitigation.
  • Procedural Guidance: Navigating the legal process can be daunting, especially for those unfamiliar with the intricacies of the criminal justice system. A solicitor provides step-by-step guidance, ensuring that you understand your rights and obligations at each stage of the proceedings.


Choose a solicitor based on these key factors:


  • Experience and Specialisation: Look for a solicitor with extensive experience in criminal law, particularly in handling cases related to fraud and conspiracy offences.
  • Track Record: Research the solicitor’s track record of successful outcomes in similar cases. Positive testimonials or reviews from past clients can provide insight into their effectiveness.
  • Communication Skills: Effective communication is essential. Choose a solicitor who listens attentively to your concerns, explains legal concepts clearly, and keeps you informed of developments in your case.
  • Personal Compatibility: Building a strong rapport with your solicitor is important. Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable discussing sensitive matters and entrusting your case.


Here’s what you can expect in your first meeting:


  • Case Evaluation: During the initial meeting, the solicitor will conduct a thorough review of your case, including the charges against you, any evidence available, and your personal circumstances.
  • Strategy Development: Based on the assessment of your case, the solicitor will outline a strategic approach to achieving the best possible outcome, which may involve negotiating with prosecutors, preparing mitigation evidence, or advocating for alternatives to custody.
  • Fee Structure: The solicitor will discuss their fee structure, including costs and payment arrangements, ensuring transparency and clarity regarding the financial aspect of legal representation.


Consulting with a solicitor early in the process can significantly enhance your prospects of securing a favourable outcome in your conspiracy to defraud case, providing expert guidance, advocacy, and support every step of the way.


Where to get further help

Worries about the potential sentence for conspiracy to defraud can be overwhelming, and you likely have numerous pressing questions. For further assistance and advice regarding sentencing and other aspects concerning the offence of conspiracy to defraud, reach out to the team at Stuart Miller Solicitors without delay.


  • Responsive

    A legal expert will consult you within 24 hours of making an enquiry.

  • Empathetic

    We will always treat you with trust, understanding and respect.

  • Specialised

    Your case will be handled by an expert who specialises in your type of offence.

  • Proactive

    We will take early action to end proceedings as soon as it is practically and legally possible to do so.

  • Engaged

    You will be kept updated on your case at all times. We will provide a named contact available to answer your questions.

  • Caring

    We understand this is a difficult and stressful time for you and your family. Our team will support you every step of the way.

  • Tenacious

    We will never give up on your case. We fight tirelessly to get you the best possible outcome.

Google Rating
Based on 339 reviews

Further Reading


Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.